Particle image velocimetry of surface currents
Particle image velocimetry (PIV) is a technique for measuring current velocities from sequential images by following features embedded within the flow, for example, floating particles or gradients in a tracer field. The advent of ultra-high-resolution geostationary satellites such as the Himawari (Japanese Meteorological Agency) and GOES (US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) missions, which deliver kilometer-scale images of the Earth every 10 minutes, provides an opportunity to use PIV to estimate ocean currents from the observed sea-surface temperature.
In addition to providing an unprecedented view of ocean surface currents at kilometer scales, the velocity fields can be combined with ocean color images (a proxy for sea-surface chlorophyll concentrations) to study transport and uptake of carbon in the ocean. This project will be co-supervised by Dr Shane Keating (UNSW) and Dr Bror Jönsson (University of New Hampshire, USA).